The fertilization process is a natural mechanism that results in the formation of a new cell, when male and female reproductive cells, the egg and sperm, fuse together. This occurs within the fallopian tubes of women and may take about a week to complete. When two cells fuse, their genetic material is transferred to the newly formed cell.
Throughout the various stages of this process, numerous chemical and physical changes occur. This determines the gender of the baby. Hypertension
How Does Fertilization Process Begin?
In females, it all starts before the onset of their regular menstrual period. By developing a uterine lining during the monthly cycle, your body starts preparing for fertilization.
Mid-menstrual cycle, or 12 to 15 days before the start of your subsequent period, is when ovulation takes place. In the course of the process, an egg is released in anticipation of fertilization. A released egg or ovum from the ovaries causes the Fallopian tubes to develop. A fertilized egg is one that has come into contact with sperm while passing through the fallopian tube. Gum Disease
When a male and female have sexual contact, the sperm and semen are released into the female vagina, beginning the fertilization process. One of the sperms in these cells swims toward the uterus, and when it reaches the Fallopian tube, it combines with the egg that is already there. This stage is fertilization. The newly formed cell in the Fallopian tube starts to divide and grow within the next 24 hours. The term used to describe the multicellular structure is zygote.
During the ovulation phase, the egg has chance to become fertilized in 24 hours and the sperm can live up to 5 days. When the Y chromosome is present in sperm cells, males are born; when the X chromosome is present, females are born. Not all sperm cells can enter the Fallopian tube, and not all fertilized cells will survive.
The zygote continues to multiply and move towards the uterus. It takes about 4-5 days to reach the uterus, where it forms into a mass of cells. The zygote is now under embryonic development. After 3 or 4 days in the uterus, the embryo burrows itself into the uterine surface, which completes the process of conception successfully.