A miscarriage before 12 weeks is the instinctive loss of a pregnancy. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), 1 in 4 pregnancies ends in miscarriage.
Miscarriage typically occurs in the first three months of pregnancy. Miscarriages occur in 10%-20% of pregnancies, and pregnancy loss can be painful. The grief and loss are common after a miscarriage.
Symptoms of Miscarriage Before 12 Weeks
The most common symptoms of miscarriage are pain in the abdomen and bleeding. Vaginal staining or light bleeding early in gestation may not specify stillbirth. Check if there are other unusual symptoms.
Here are other common signs that show you may be having a miscarriage. If you experience any of these symptoms, call the doctor.
- Back pain
- Vaginal discharge of white-pink mucus
- Contractions (painful, happening every 5 to 20 minutes).
- Tissue that looks like blood clots passing from the vagina.
- Fewer signs of pregnancy
- Weight loss
Risk factors for miscarriage before 12 weeks
Miscarriage is a consequence of many factors, such as:
- Age. Women over age 35 and more are at a higher risk of miscarriage than young women.
- Previous miscarriage. Women with three or more miscarriages are at increased risk of miscarriage.
- Chronic health condition. Women with medical conditions like diabetes and thyroid are at risk of miscarriage.
- Uterine problems. Women with weak cervical tissues or certain uterine conditions might be at risk of miscarriage.
- Smoking and alcohol intake – Smoking and drinking during pregnancy increase the risk of miscarriage.
- Weight. Women who are overweight or underweight are at increased risk of miscarriage.
Causes of Miscarriage
Chromosome abnormalities in the fetus cause 50% of first-trimester miscarriages. Chromosomes are the structures within the cells that carry a person’s genes. The genes code for traits and features like sex, hair, eye color, and body type.
Many chromosomal abnormalities occur by chance. Unknown factors can cause the loss of a baby.
- High levels of radiation or toxic agents
- Hormonal imbalances
- The uterine lining is not fertilized.
- Disorders of the immune system
- Severe kidney problems
- Lack of nutrients
- Group B beta strep
An ultrasound test is performed to confirm the miscarriage. If the miscarriage has been complete and the uterus is clear, there is no need for treatment. Placental tissue is removed after cervix dilation, and you will have your next period within 4 to 6 weeks.