Hemorrhoids are known as the swollen blood vessels in the rectal area. Typically they may range from pea size to grape size and these can be inside protruded or return through the anus. These can be mildly uncomfortable and itchy, or even downright painful. Sometimes they may also cause rectal bleeding, specifically during the bowl movement.
Hemorrhoids during pregnancy are very common in pregnant women. There are several types of hemorrhoids, some could be small and some could be large like the golf ball. Some women may get this problem in their first pregnancy. In most of the cases, this condition can be resolved after you gave birth to the child, specifically if you are careful in avoiding constipation.
Why hemorrhoids occur during pregnancy?
Being pregnant can make you prone to get hemorrhoids, and also get varicose veins in legs and even in vulva for so many reasons. The growing uterus of pregnant women will put pressure on pelvic veins and inferior vena cava, which is a large vein on the right side of the body that will receive blood from lower limbs. Pressure on inferior vena cava may slow down the return of blood from the lower half of the body, which interns increase pressure on veins that are below the uterus and then cause them to become swollen and dilated.
Another common problem during pregnancy is constipation. Constipation can also cause hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Straining leads to hemorrhoids, and you may tend to strain to have a bowel movement if you have constipation.
Usually during pregnancy women’s body produces more progesterone hormone, which causes the walls of veins to get relaxed and allow them to swell very easily. This hormone can also cause constipation by slowing down the intestinal tract.
Treating or Preventing Hemorrhoids during Pregnancy:
You can use simple strategies to treat hemorrhoids during pregnancy. The best method for treating hemorrhoids is to stay regular. For this, you should increase your fiber and fluid intake in order to reduce constipation. Practice Kegel exercises, as they can also help in preventing hemorrhoids through improving the circulation to the area.
Sleep on one side instead of sleeping on back in order to reduce the pressure. Lie down on your left for few times in a day to relieve pressure on the rectal veins.
Do not stand or sit for longtime.
If your relief and preventive efforts don’t help you or even if you are getting severe pain or heavy bleeding, then immediately consult the physician.